Sensory Diet

A sensory diet is a coping mechanism for children with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD). It has nothing to do with food and refers to physical activities that a child can do in a home or school environment. It is a tailored treatment designed by an occupational therapist to meet the child's needs. A sensory diet is a list of sensory activities that help children feel calm, allowing them to be more attentive, learn, and behave to the best of their ability.

 

Sensory Processing Disorder is a neurological condition that affects the sensory system. The sensory system collects information through sensory receptors by reacting with the surrounding environment through vision, smell, touch, sound, taste, movement and balance. Learn more information on Sensory Processing Disorder here.

 

Sensory Processing Disorder is different for every child. A child whose nervous system is over-aroused needs more calming input, while a child who is under-aroused needs more alerting input. A sensory diet tailored to a child's specific needs can provide the sensory input necessary to be in a 'just right' state.

 

The carefully designed sensory diet program of sensory activities, equipment, and strategies helps to improve children's nervous system over time so that they can stay focused and organised throughout the day.


Sensory diets help children to:

• Regulate emotions, alertness and increase attention span

• Reduce unwanted sensory seeking and sensory avoidance behaviour

• Tolerate sensations and situations that are challenging

• Handle transitions with less stress

 

An occupational therapist needs to evaluate the child's needs to develop a personalised treatment plan. The occupational therapist's personalised treatment plan can include a worksheet for the carer to complete. A sensory diet worksheet involves the child's feelings at different times during the day, the type of activity the carer implemented, and its effects on the child (whether positive, negative, or the same). This worksheet allows the carer and occupational therapist to follow and learn from the child's needs. Patterns may emerge showing the type of sensory input the child needs and at what time during the day. 


 

A sensory diet may include some of the following activities:

Visual (Sight): The Visual System processes sight and allows us to respond to visual stimuli. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with visual sensitivities can include having a safe space with minimal visuals that could cause discomfort, using a lava lamp, or wearing quality tinted glasses if the child is sensitive to glare. Playing games and activities that develop visual skills, such as dot-to-dots, drawing, and puzzles, can also be beneficial.

 

Auditory (Sound): The Auditory System processes sounds through the ear, such as language, to communicate. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with auditory sensitivities can include listening to music, banging on pots and pans, playing musical instruments, singing, humming, whispering, or therapeutic listening programs, and white noise headphones.


 

Olfactory System (Smell): The Olfactory System processes our sense of smell and odours. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with olfactory sensitivities can include having access to scented products, for example, smelling flowers, and sniffing spices.

 

Gustatory System (Taste): The Gustatory system processes our sense of taste through surface cells in the mouth, tongue and throat that react to food and beverages. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with gustatory sensitivities can include:

  • Exploring taste (sweet, sour, savoury, spicy, bitter).
  • Exploring different temperature foods (frozen, cool, warm).
  • Chewing gum and sucking thick liquid through a straw.

 

Vestibular System (Balance and Movement): The Vestibular System involves our sense of balance (equilibrioception) and spatial orientation for coordinating movement with balance. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with vestibular sensitivities include swimming, running, jumping, dancing or walking, playing on a merry-go-round or trampoline, swinging on a swing, and bouncing on a pogo stick.

 

Proprioceptive System (Body Awareness): Proprioception is the process by which the body utilises receptors in the muscles to track the positions of joints and muscles around the body, allowing us to know where our body is in space (body awareness) and giving us the ability to manoeuvre around the environment safely. Sensory diet activities that may help a child with proprioception sensitivities include giving them a warm hug, playing catch and other ball games such as soccer. Set up obstacle courses for them to go under, over, through and around objects. Having them participate in heavy work activities such as carrying groceries, taking out the trash and moving furniture can also be beneficial.

 

Tactile System (Touch): The Tactile System includes multiple types of sensations that the body receives from interaction with the environment, including touch (touch, pressure and vibration perception), pain and temperature, and proprioception (muscle tension and joint position). Sensory diet activities that may help a child with tactile sensitivities include compression clothing (JettProof), bear hugs, therapeutic brushing, warm baths and water play. Other activities include feeling different fabrics, exploring textures, finger painting, playing with shaving cream, whipped cream, and Play-Doh. If a child resists touching something, try a paintbrush or other item to allow them to cautiously explore and gain confidence.

 

Vestibular, proprioceptive, and tactile input are called "power sensations"- they are the foundation of sensory integration and sensory processing skills. When a sensory diet targets one of these inputs, it impacts the other two. These types of inputs provide the basis for brain development. Incorporating sensory activities that target these three categories is necessary for the development of all children, but for those with sensory processing difficulties, it is critical. 

 

It is important to take time and keep a record (sensory diet worksheet) of the activities and their effect on the child. Use this record to refer to your occupational therapist to understand any improvements or other reactions the particular activities have on the child. 

 

Children can benefit from sensory diet activities at least five times daily. Activities only need to be 10 minutes long and can be fun for both the child and the carer. Also, get to know the child and how each activity affects them. Some children might react negatively to a bear hug, whereas others will ask for and even crave one from loved ones.

 

JettProof manufactures and supplies calming sensory clothing and undergarments for children and adults with Autism, Sensory Processing Disorder, Dyspraxia, Apraxia, Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy, ADHD, and Anxiety. 

 

JettProof is a popular product recommended and purchased by Families, Occupational Therapists, Physiotherapists, Speech Therapists, Special Needs Schools, Disability Providers, Incontinence Providers and Early Intervention Organisations. 

 

JettProof can be worn under clothing daily to keep the sensory system calm and alleviate anxiety. Read our latest testimonials.

 

To stay updated with the JettProof journey follow us on Facebook and Instagram. You can also join our mailing list for regular updates and promotional discounts.